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Bushcare glossary
Alternate
Leaves growing singly at different levels along the plants stem

Annual
A plant that completes its life cycle in one year

Anther
Pollen bearing part of the stamen

Aquatic
Living in or on water

Ascending
Spreading horizontally at first then becoming erect

Axil
Angle formed by a leaf or stem

Basal
Group or attached at the base

Berry
Fleshy fruit with seeds immersed in the pulp

Bi-pinnate
Leaf twice divided

Biennial
Plant that completes its life cycle in two years

Bloom
Waxy layer on the surface of the leaf stem

Bract
Modified leaf, usually small associated with the flower

Bristle
Straight stiff hair

Bulb
Underground storage organ comprising a short underground stem and fleshy leaf base

Bulbil
Small bulb formed in the leaf axil

Canopy
Branches and foliage of a group of trees

Capsule
Dry fruit with two or more chambers that split open to release seeds

Cladode
Flattened stem that looks and functions like a leaf

Compound
Composed of parts; of a leaf subdivided into pinnae

Coppice
Regrowth of a tree or shrub from dormant buds on the stem or trunk, usually in response to damage

Corn
Underground storage organ comprising comprising a short, swollen, fleshy stem base

Crown
Thickened upper part of the roots were the stems arise

Cultivar
Cultivated variety of a plant

Deciduous
Seasonal dropping of plant parts, usually leafs

Domatia
Pits formed at vein of junction on the underside of leaves

Drupe
Succulent fruit with a single seed enclosed within a stony wall

Endemic
Plant that has a confined distribution to an area

Exotic
Not native, introduced from another country

Floret
Small individual flower

Follicle
Dry fruit that is formed one flowering structure that splits open along one side to release seed

Forb
Non-grassy flowering plant

Fruit
Seed-bearing structure in flowering plants

Genus
Group of related species

Grass
Member of the Poeceae family

Ground-flora
Vegetation growing at ground level

Habit
General appearance of a plant, shape, size

Habitat
Particular environment suited to a plant

Heartwood
The inner most wood of woody plants; underneath the sapwood

Herb
Non-woody flowering plant

Hybrid
Offspring of genetically different parents

Indigenous
Belonging to a particular area; locale or region

Inflorences
Group of flowers on a plant

Keel
Ridge along a fold, usually of a leaf or flower

Lance - shaped
Usually of a leaf; four times longer then wide

Latex
Milky white sap exuded from the cut surface of the leaves and stems

Layering
The formation of roots on a stem were it may be buried or is in contact with the soil, leading to the formation of a new plant

Lingotuber
Swollen woody base of a tree or shrub or wholly underground containing buds from which new shoots develop

Lobed/lobe
Part of the leaf often rounded, formed when the leaf blade is divided

Naturalised
Of a species outside the south –cost region but able to establish and reproduce freely

Node
The part of the stem from which the leaf arises

Oblong
Of a leaf; a few times longer then wide

Opposite
Leafs that grow opposite each other on the stem

Oval
Of a leaf shaped like a flattened circle

Overstory
Uppermost level of vegetation

Perennial
A plant that can live for longer then two years

Petal
Soft, coloured segment of the flower

Petiole
The stalk of the leaf

Phyllode
Flattened petiole of leaf that looks and functions like a leaf

Pinna
Primary leaflet of a compound leaf

Pod
Dry fruit that splits open both sides to release seeds

Propagule
Reproductive material; capable of forming a new plant

Rhizome
Underground stem, usually growing horizontally; that produces roots and foliage

Riparian
Zone on either side of a water course

Rosette
Radiating cluster of leaves close to the ground

Sapwood
the wood laying between the bark and the inner heartwood

Seedbank
viable seed accumulating in the soil profile

Sepal
One of the outer whorl of floral parts

Serrated
Saw like teeth on the margin of a leaf

Sessile
Attached directly to the stem

Sheath
Lower part of the leaf that is wrapped around the stem

Shoot
Young growing stem

Spike
Unbranched group of flowers without stalks arranged on a stem

Sporophyll
Leaf that bears sporangia

Stamen
The male flower parts

Stolen
A stem growing horizontally along the ground that produces roots and foliage

Subsp
A sub species

Spp
More then one species

Succulent
A plant with thick fleshy habit

Sucker
Shoots that emerge from the roots

Surfactant
A chemical that is attracted to both water and oils and can help herbicides absorb into plant matter

Taproot
Prominent main root

Terminal
Situated at the end or apex

Terrestrial
A plant that grows on land

Tree
A woody plant usually with a single trunk generally over 8m in height

Trifoliate
With three leaflets

Tuber
Underground storage organ, formed from a swelling of the root or stem

Tuft/tufted
Loose clumping of stems at the base, usually applied to grasses

Understory
Level of vegetation growing under the dominant overstory vegetation

Valve
One of the portions into which a capsule splits open

Veins
Of leaves strands of conducting tissue

Whorl
A ring of leaves attached at the same level to the plants stem

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